Fishing and hunting has been existent since the pre-historic times. It later evolved as a favorite pass time for the aristocracy and later developed into a highly restricted kind of sport. Today, it is not possible to hunt at anyplace you like. You need to get permission from the appropriate officials. Even if you get permission to hunt or fish, there are certain restrictions there too. For example, you cannot hunt an animal or a bird that is facing extinction. Despite such restrictions, even today, people see hunting as the best method to provide their families with some fresh food.
As far as hunting is concerned there are certain rules and regulations that every hunter needs to follow. These rules have been imposed in order to protect our environment and the ecological diversity that maintains a perfect balance between living and non-living organisms. The rules also help preserve the natural resources that people need in order to fulfill their daily needs. Each nation and every state has its own particular codes for hunting, which a hunter needs to follow. Failure to follow these rules might result in fines and jail sentences.
First of all, all hunters are required to carry hunting licenses. Every nation and every state will have its own Natural Resource Department, to which all hunters must be registered. Even if you have a written permission to hunt, it is not permissible to hunt anywhere you like. There are certain limitations when it comes to hunting, to which all hunters must abide by. The Natural Resource Department is the institution which grants hunting passes to individuals on a random basis. In addition to the rules concerning hunting, there are also certain safety regulations which hunters must follow as a means of protection from animals and other hunting related dangers.
Like hunting, fishing too has certain rules binding it. Since fishing is a very profitable commercial enterprise, there are people who try to enter the scenario illegally. For example a tuna fish could bring thousands of dollars for the person who caught it. This will naturally cause an increasing rise in tuna fishing, which is good as far as the consumer is considered. But there is a flipside to this, which is, when the rate of fishing increases, there will be a relative fall in the fish population in a particular location. It is precisely for the protection of fish population that commercial fishing laws were introduced.
The National Marine Services, which is the prime fishing body in the United States, have set forward certain rules which fisher folks must follow. There are rules concerning fishing permits, vessel permits, and rules concerning the particular type of fish that people fish for. In addition to the National Marine Services, there are also certain regional councils that have set up their own rules and regulations in fishing. The federal government too has imposed certain rules concerning sea limits for fishing and safety equipment that fisher folks should carry in case of accidents caused due to bad weather.