Hunting is the act of pursuing any living organism for the purpose of food, recreation or trade. Lawful hunting is different from poaching. The former refers to hunting animals that are legally approved, whereas the latter refers to killing, capturing or trapping animals that are contrary to applicable laws. Poaching can also include hunting in illegal areas or killing animals that are endangered and thus ought to be protected.
Hunting is also sometimes referred to as game. Trapping is a different terminology altogether and is quite different from hunting. While hunting can involve killing of the animal, trapping may be for other purposes like photography or close observation. The act of hunting has a very early history with the Paleolithic man hunting down his food. Initially, early men used to hunt down herbivores animals and consumed them as food. Later, they began to hunt down large animals and eat them too.
With the invention of fire, the flesh of animals were cooked and fried before consuming. This was a mammoth step towards civilization. In fact early men were often termed as hunters because they always hunt down animals for food and the skin of animals were used as clothes to protect them from cold. They also possessed many tools to help them capture animals.
This included spears, bows and arrows etc. later; they began taming and domesticating animals. Wild dogs were captured and tamed and were used as pets. Today, hunting and shooting has been regulated by many laws. Many people consider hunting as a recreation and choose places for hunting. Government specifies that only licensed pistols and rifles can be used for hunting. Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish.
There are different techniques for catching fish and these include hand gathering, spearing, netting and trapping. Fishing is a term applied to catching aquatic animals. Fishing too, as an activity dates back to the Paleolithic period. Primitive man used fish as a source of food. They also used its bones for paintings and creating small and attractive show pieces for their homes. A traditional method of fishing is by using a fishing hook or a rod. A fishing line is a long pole with a hook in its end.
Bait in the form of a small worm or a small fish is often attached to the hook and inserted into the water. This method of fishing requires patience as the fisherman has to wait until a fish gnaws at the bait and then pull the rod up. Today, fishing is done as recreation, livelihood and a commercial activity. Big fishing vessels are involved in large scale fishing.
Moreover, fishing industry also involves packing, storing, and canning of different variety of fishes. Big game fishing involves catching large and heavy fishes like sharks, and marlins. Fishing as a recreation is pursued by people more for pleasure and competitions. Such people often register with recreational fishing groups and fish in remote areas of the sea. There are many regulations that govern the activities of such groups.